First Impressions

We arrived at Jiujiang in the late-evening after we rushed to catch our train from —Nanchang— After arriving at the Jiujiang train station, we hopped on a taxi to head to my friend’s grandmother’s house. Fortunately, the taxi driver was also a tour guide and offered a compelling price for a day tour of multiple tourist destination at Mt. Lu for 200RMB per person. The package included 5 destinations and private car transportation. It was a smacking deal. Sleeping over at my friend’s grandmother’s place was a challenge, mainly communication wise due to language and cultural barriers, in addition, I had to share a bed with my friend. Not that I am it, however, personal space and comfort was the compromise, nevertheless, I was very willing to pay that price. It was a wonderful experience looking back.






The city of Jiujiang is situated near the northern border of Jiangxi Province. It borders the Yangtze River to the north, Poyang Lake to the east and picturesque Mt. Lushan to the south. Jiujiang in Chinese means ‘nine rivers’.

Owing to its location at the geographical intersection of Hunan, Hubei and Jiangxi Provinces, Jiujiang was a strategically important city. Because it was virtually at the center of so many bodies of water, the city has been one of the four largest rice markets and one of the three largest tea markets in China.

With a history of over 2,000 years, this is an attractive city boasting of grand mountains and numerous waterways.  Cultural relics of Buddhism, Taoism, Islam and Confucianism can be found on nearby Mt. Lushan. The mountain also features captivating rock formations, natural springs, temples and stone inscriptions. Most of its 99 peaks rise over 1,000 meters above sea level.

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Lu Mountain Waterfall

“Mount Lu’s highest peak is Dahanyang Peak, at roughly 1500 meters above sea level. Another renowned peak on Mount Lu is Five Old Men Peak, so-named because the five peaks in question all sit side by side, as it were, forming an almost straight line.

Today, not only Taoism and Buddhism are represented on Mount Lu, there are many sites on the mountain that are revered by Confucianists, while Christian (Catholic and Protestant) as well as Islamic places of worship are also to be found on the famous mountain.

The most famous waterfall on Mount Lu is Three Step Waterfall, which name is a reference to the fact that the waterfall spills over three glaciation-formed, natural terraces, enroute to the pool below. The Yuan (CE 1279-1368) Dynasty painter, Zhao Ziang recorded the following description of Three Step Waterfall:

Flowing like a jade curtain,
it falls a thousand feet.
The crescent moon is the curtain hook,
hanging high in the night sky”



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Sky Bridge of Lu Mountain 庐山天桥


White Deer Grotto Academy

“The academy had its beginnings as a place for the pursuit of learning by the Tang Dynasty poet Li Bo (李渤 Lǐ Bó, d. 831, not to be confused with the more famous Tang poet Li Po or Li Bai) when he was living in retirement. As Li Bo kept a white deer, he was known as the White Deer Teacher and the school premises themselves as the White Deer Grotto. Between the years 937—942, when the area was under the control of the Southern Tang, a school was officially established here under the name “Lushan Guoxue” or “Lu-san Goet-hok” (廬山國學, meaning “Mount Lu National School”).”



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Xunyang Tower

“Xunyang Tower was originally mentioned in the poem of Wei Yingwu, Cishi (feudal provincial or prefecture governor) of Jiangzhou in the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907). Later, Poets like Bai Juyi, Wei Yingwu and Su Dongpo visited here and left their poetries and inscriptions, but what made it widely known owes to the vivid description of the famous classical Chinese novel ‘the Water Margin’ (Shuihu) by Shi Nai’an”





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Good Bye Lu Mountain!

Final Thoughts  

Although the weather wasn’t the most cooperative, however my friends and I still had a good time climbing the mountain in the gloomy weather. Good memories.





*Majority of contents are derived from the sources provided in the hyperlinks. Thus, the credit goes to the original authors of those links.

*These experiences were made possible by the Gilman Scholarship 

九江 10-4-15

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